1996 Czech legislative election

Parliamentary election in the Czech Republic

1996 Czech legislative election

← 1992 22 31 May and 1 June 1996 1998 →

All 200 seats in the Chamber of Deputies
101 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Vaclav Klaus headshot.jpg Milos Zeman.jpg Miroslav Grebeníček (4).jpg
Leader Václav Klaus Miloš Zeman Miroslav Grebeníček
Party ODS ČSSD KSČM
Seats won 68 61 22
Seat change Decrease8 Increase45 Decrease13
Popular vote 1,794,560 1,602,250 626,136
Percentage 29.62% 26.44% 10.33%
Swing Decrease0.11 pp Increase19.91 pp Decrease3.72 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Josef Lux 01.jpg Miroslav Sládek.jpg Jan Kalvoda 1993.jpg
Leader Josef Lux Miroslav Sládek Jan Kalvoda
Party KDU-ČSL SPR–RSČ ODA
Seats won 18 18 13
Seat change Increase3 Increase4 Decrease1
Popular vote 489,349 485,072 385,369
Percentage 8.08% 8.01 6.36
Swing Increase1.80 pp Increase2.03 pp Increase0.43 pp

Czech legislative election, 1996.svg
Districts won by respective parties

Prime Minister before election

Václav Klaus
ODS

Prime Minister after election

Václav Klaus
ODS

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Parliamentary elections were held in the Czech Republic on 31 May and 1 June 1996,[1] the first after independence. The result was a victory for the Civic Democratic Party, which won 68 of the 200 seats. Voter turnout was 76.3%.[2]

Campaign

The campaign was primarily a conflict between the right-wing ODS and left-wing ČSSD. The ODS used slogans "Freedom and Prosperity" and "We proved that we can." ČSSD used slogan "Humanity against selfishness." ČSSD used an autobus called "Zemák" during its campaign. Party's leader Miloš Zeman campaigned with it at multiple places over the Czech Republic. ODS on the other hand used endorsements of public celebrities such as Lucie Bílá. Both parties used meetings with voters as their campaign instrument.[3]

Finances

Party Money spent (Kč)
Civic Democratic Party 127,000,000
Czech Social Democratic Party 80,000,000
Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party 55,000,000
Civic Democratic Alliance 40,000,000
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia 8,000,000
Source: České Noviny

Opinion polls

Graph of opinion polls conducted
Date Polling firm ODS ČSSD KSČM KDU-ČSL SPR-RSČ ODA DŽJ DEU SD-LSNS LB Others
31 May–1 June Election results 29.6 26.4 10.3 8.1 8.0 6.4 3.1 2.8 2.1 1.4 1.8
May 1996 STEM[4] 24.0 19.3 10.3 8.7 7.1 9.1 n/a n/a n/a n/a
4–7 May 1996 IVVM[5] 21.8 17.7 7.3 7.1 5.8 5.8 2.8 2.3 1.9 3.3
April IVVM 25.5 15.5 6.2 8.9 5.0 6.8 1.9 1.4 1.9 4.5
March IVVM 25.5 15.3 6.0 6.7 4.7 8.1 1.2 1.7 1.9 4.2
February IVVM 24.7 15.9 6.5 9.1 4.4 8.1 0.9 1.2 3.2 3.8
January IVVM 27.2 17.3 7.1 6.7 4.7 6.6 0.7 0.8 2.0 4.7

Results

PartyVotes%Seats+/–
Civic Democratic Party1,794,56029.6268
Czech Social Democratic Party1,602,25026.4461+45
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia626,13610.3322–13
KDU-ČSL489,3498.0818+3
SPR-RSČ485,0728.0118+4
Civic Democratic Alliance385,3696.3613–1
Pensioners for Life Security187,4553.0900
Democratic Union169,7962.800New
Free Democrats – Liberal National Social Party124,1652.050New
Left Bloc85,1221.400New
Independents30,1250.500New
Moravian Centre Union27,4900.450New
HSMSMNSJ25,1980.420New
Moravian National Party16,5800.270New
Party of the Democratic Left7,7400.130New
Czech Right2,8080.050New
Total6,059,215100.002000
Valid votes6,059,21599.39
Invalid/blank votes37,1890.61
Total votes6,096,404100.00
Registered voters/turnout7,990,77076.29
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

References

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p471 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p472
  3. ^ "Kampaň k volbám do Poslanecké sněmovny 1996 | IPM". IPM (in Czech). Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  4. ^ "98-4" (PDF). Statspol. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 July 2007. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
  5. ^ "Volebni preference". zpravodajstvi.ecn.cz. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
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