2016 Brno central station referendum

Brno central station referendum, 2016
7 October 2016 (2016-10-07)

LocationCzech Republic Czech Republic 22
Upgrade the existing station
Yes
80.94%
No
13.12%
Blank votes
3.88%
Invalid
2.06%
Modernization through architectural competition
Yes
67.89%
No
15.96%
Blank votes
13.64%
Invalid
2.51%
Source: Český statistický úřad
First question
Second question

Brno central station referendum, 2016, is a municipal referendum on the location of Brno main railway station,[1] in Brno, Moravia, Czech Republic and the way of its future modernisation. Citizens will vote on whether to retain the station at its current location and modernise it, or replace it with a new station at another location. The result of the referendum binds only local government. Nevertheless, it also indirectly affects government organs in the Czech Republic through the already existing system of contractual obligations. The date of referendum is set on 7 and 8 October 2016, the same day as regional elections.

Background

Brno Main Railway Station, located directly in the Brno city centre (on the former fortification wall circuit) has been in service since 1838.[2] As time went by, the symmetric and harmonized tram network adjacent to the railway station was developed. The tram network grew along with the city for 157 years. Today, the main railway station borders closely with tram nodes with seven tram lines. Each of them is in half of its route, so there are 14 routes of the tram network. (they are distributed to the structure of city with 8 tracks).[3] Then there are 2 lines of trolleybuses and 8 lines of buses. There is also a terminal of long distance buses in the distance of 150 metres (490 ft) from the railway station. The majority of the most important city destinations are within comfortable walking distance. About 11,000 inhabitants live within 1,300 metres (4,300 ft). In the last 20 years, projects have been moving the railway station 1 kilometer (0.62 mi) out of the city centre.[4]

History

Ninety years ago the idea of changing the main railway station's location appeared as a reaction of the annual increase of traffic (1923-1924 = + 26%). Since then this idea has weakening alternately, disappeared or reappeared in different circumstances. However, it repeatedly ran into a strong and resolute opposition of experts and the public.

The first local referendum on this question was held in 2004.[5] Local authorities set the date of referendum on 9 October, which means one week before the European parliament elections

The idea of repeating the referendum on the same topic appeared in the beginning of 2013 after the first successful local referendum in city of Pilsen,[6] the same day as Presidential elections.[7] It was motivated by the change of legislation of the code of local referendum, which was in the quorum – 35% instead of the previous 50% turnout is now necessary to make a referendum binding for a local authority.[8]

Legislation

No legislation on a national referendum has been passed so far. There are just two types of local referendum in the Czech law – municipal referendum and regional referendum.[9] Each type is regulated with a different code. In the case of Brno, the Local Referendum Code is relevant.

Judgements

On 1 August 2014 the Referendum initiative committee submitted the "Proposal on the holding of a referendum on the Main railway station location" to Brno municipal authority and with 1,531 referendum petition forms containing 21,101 signatures of eligible voters. Fifteen days later, the authority claimed that 5,251 signatures were incorrect (i.e. invalid). The initiative committee considered this statement dubious, arbitrary and obstructive from the side of the public authority. (Standard error rate during signature gathering is around 3%). Therefore, they brought up an action against the authority to the administrative court. After two weeks they submitted another 5,813 signatures. Eventually on 17 October 2014, after two individual judgements, a court passed the judgement 65A 8/2014 - 74 [10][11] There, the court recognized, on the basis of its own proving, that the number of signatures was already sufficient by 1 September 2014. Thus the referendum should have been declared simultaneously with the municipal elections in October 2014.

Final decision

After this judgement the proponents proposed that the referendum should be held simultaneously with the next regional elections in October 2016. (PB is authorised to it). The newly elected city representation accepted this proposal on its first gathering on 25 November 2014. The referendum which was originally intended for municipal elections 2014 was postponed to 2016, because the referendum which is held simultaneously with elections has a much bigger chance of achieving sufficient turnout.

See also

References

  1. ^ Central Railway Station in Brno
  2. ^ "History of Austrian Railway until 1918" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 9 June 2016.
  3. ^ How to get a public transportation pass in Brno? Posted by Nadya Dyakova
  4. ^ Jan Richter Authorities okay moving Brno’s main train station out of city centre (Interview with Lord Mayor Roman Onderka), Czech radio 28. 7. 2010
  5. ^ Relocation of the main train station in Brno, Czech Republic
  6. ^ Czech Radio: Plzeň citizens campaign for referendum against 'gigantic' city centre mall
  7. ^ Referendum in Pilsen, 2013 result
  8. ^ International Direct democracy Conference Brno, 26. 11. 2015
  9. ^ NOVÝ, Michal, Explaining turnout in local referenda in the Czech Republic: does a NIMBY question enhance citizenengagement
  10. ^ Tribunal decision from 17.10. 2014
  11. ^ Public board by administrative court

Further reading

  • SMITH, Michael L., Přímá demokracie v praxi: politika místních referend v České republice, Praha:ISEA - Institut pro sociální a ekonomické analýzy: AV ČR 2007. ISBN 978-80-903316-3-1
  • RIGEL, Filip, Zákon o místním referendu s komentářem a judikaturou. Praha: Leges, 2011. ISBN 978-80-87212-85-1
  • COUNCIL OF EUROPE, Local Referendums: Report, Council of Europe Press, Den Haag 1993. ISBN 9789287123961
  • KUŹELEWSKA, Elżbieta, Referendum in the Czech Republic and Slovakia, In: Annales Politologia, Vol 21, No 1 (2014) (Poland)
  • ŠPOK, R., ŘǏHÁČKOVÁ, V., WEISS, T., BARTOVIC, V., DROMARD, J. 2006. Místní referenda v České republice a ve vybraných zemích Evropské unie, Institut EUROPEUM, Praha, pp. 11–50. The ACE Electoral Knowledge Network 2013, aceproject.org/ace-en/topics/es/ese/ese08/ese08a/ ese08a03 [Last accessed 19.12.2013]
  • SAPÁKOVÁ, Kristina, The Issue of a Local Referendum on the Example of the Referendum concerning the Position of the Main Train Station in Brno, Theses Masaryk University, Faculty of Law 2015 (Czech - English abstract)
  • VOJTECHOVA, Hana, The Role of Local Referenda - Local Referenda in The Czech Republic, Brussels European Commission/Nuclear Research Institute Rez plc, 2009
  • KAUFMANN, Bruno, BÜCHI, Rolf, BRAUN, Nadja, (2010) Guidebook to direct democracy in Switzerland and beyond. Marburg IRI. ISBN 978-3-940716-03-3
  • SMITH, Michael L., Voter information and responsiviniess in the local referendum in Brno in: SCHILLER, Theo (ed.), Local Direct Democracy in Europe. Heidelberg, VS Verlag 2011. ISBN 978-3-531-18250-6.

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Brno main railway station referendum 2016.
  • Initiative committee website
  • City of Brno, Official website
  • Europoint (Station change) website
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